Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh The emphasis on inclusiveness in finance means that not only are the days gone when you had to go to the bank for certain transactions like paying bills, withdrawals, etc. The advent of digital innovations in the field heralded a new era of paperless money transactions in the world during the Nineties. Appearing on the scene as the handmaiden of Fintech (Financial Technology) is the innovative approach to managing money called Mobile Financial Services (MFS).
MFS refers to branchless banking whereby financial services are offered to both banked and unbanked people efficiently under reasonable charge-rates. MFS offers advanced-level financial services combining traditional banking system with wireless telecommunication technology to assure instant and secured money transaction process Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
What are the benefits of MFS? Like the formal banking system, you can do savings, send and withdraw money via MFS. You can also pay your utility bills using this platform. Nowadays, MFS platforms through their ‘mobile wallets’ are offering wide-ranging facilities like remittance, purchasing goods and services, etc. MFS has speeded up the process of making deposits, withdrawing cash, sending or receiving funds using a registered mobile account. In simple words, MFS provides easy access to the formal banking system.
In Bangladesh, MFS got popular in the name of Mobile Banking. Generally, the agents of respective banks enable these services after registering the mobile account. Under this platform, a mobile account owner can withdraw cash and send/receive money via the independent agent locations without visiting any bank. By virtue of MFS, people living in remote locations of the country can save money to their mobile accounts at nominal amounts without going through the hassle of moving to banks physically.
The concept of Mobile Financial Services (MFS) is still new in Bangladesh. Our report aims to introduce the readers to the leading MFS provider companies and compare their offered services in Bangladesh.
The Best Mobile Financial Service (MFS) Providers in Bangladesh
Mobile financial services (MFS) are revolutionizing the traditional money transaction process via formal banks. Bangladesh Bank has allowed 16 leading banks to offer MFS in Bangladesh. In this special report, we are going to focus on the top-performing MFS providers in Bangladesh Best MFS in Bangladesh.
Leading the way: bKash
The spectacularly successful bKash is the major player in the field of MFS in Bangladesh. Backed up by Brac Bank, bKash started their MFS program in 2011. By 2019 it had 3.1 crores, active users. With some 180,000 agents countrywide effectively acting as bank branches to facilitate their user base, bKash is holding above 80 percent share of the total MFS market in Bangladesh. Up to July 2019, more than TK 37,477.35 crore has been transacted through bKash MFS. Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh
They offer MFS include cash-in, cash-out, bill payments, mobile recharge, remittance, donation, purchasing movie tickets, saving, etc. These can be availed through the prominent telecommunication networks in Bangladesh.
Rocket Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh
Dutch Bangla Bank Limited (DBBL) was the first bank that launched banking services and financial facilities using the mobile communication network in 2012. DBBL provided bank-led mobile banking services that were re-branded as ‘Rocket’. DBBL’s Rocket is currently the second-largest player holding around 17 percent market share in the domain of the mobile banking sector of Bangladesh.
Rocket services include cash deposit, cash withdrawal, ATM money withdrawal, mobile top-up, person to person (P2P) Transfer, bank account to Rocket account transfer, merchant payment, international remittance, utility bill payment, salary disbursement, government allowance disbursement, etc. Customers can easily avail of the DBBL provided mobile banking services via the ‘Rocket’ app.
SureCash Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh
SureCash is another potential MFS platform launched by Progoti Systems Ltd in 2015. SureCash represents an open network of payment incorporation with several local banks, with above 1,000 payment partners. SureCash developed their exclusive mechanism focusing on government education programs, schools, colleges, utilities, etc.
SureCash MFS offers money transfers via cash-in and/or cash-out, person-to-person (P2P) money transactions, inward foreign remittances, utility bill payments, government charges/payments, educational institute fee payments, purchasing goods and services, etc. Clients can enjoy SureCash MFS platform by downloading the SureCash app from the Play Store Best MFS in Bangladesh.
Nagad Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh
Bangladesh Post Office (BPO) launched ‘Nagad’ a Digital Financial Service (DFS) in November 2018. Nagad is a re-branded version combining the Electronic Money Transfer System (EMTS) and Postal Cash Card service previously announced by BPO.
Nagad MFS platform covers money transactions via Cash-In, Cash-Out, and Send Money. These MFS also include popular services like mobile recharge. The upcoming services include utility bills payment and an e-commerce payment gateway. Nagad MFS can be availed by ‘Nagad’ mobile Apps. Best MFS in Bangladesh
Ease of Opening Account
Forget those days, when people need to visit the bank physically to perform formalities – like filling out an account opening form, submitting documents personally – and then had to wait for around 2 weeks to receive the checkbook. The popular MFS platforms in Bangladesh offer a simple account opening procedure. You can open bKash, Rocket, SureCash, and Nagad accounts through Robi, Airtel, Teletalk, Grameenphone, and Banglalink.
For bKash Best MFS in Bangladesh
You can open a bKash account visiting their service centers with necessary documents like National ID or Driving License or Passport, Photograph, and your mobile phone with SIM card. All you need to do is fill out the bKash Account Opening Form, then press your thumbprint and finally put your signature properly.
After the verification, you can avail all MFS services including Cash Out, Mobile Recharge, make Payments, etc. offered by bKash. Dialing *247# you can enjoy bKash MFS services 24 hours a day, and 7 days a week.
Via ‘bKash’ App.
If you would like to open a bKash account via the app, it might take only a few minutes. First, download the bKash app from Google Playstore. Then, tap new account registration and carry on the process. After successful submission of all this information, bKash will send you a confirmation PIN. Then you can dial at *247# to avail bKash MFS services 24 hours a day, and 7 days a week.
Rocket Best MFS in Bangladesh
You can open a Rocket Account via Visiting Centers. First, you need to fill up and submit the KYC Form to the agent along with your photograph and National ID (NID). Then, the agent will help you to complete the process. Your Rocket account will be created in the DBBL system which is your mobile SIM number plus one check digit. You will receive a confirmation SMS containing your Rocket account Number You are also recommended to remember the check digit.
You can easily open an account via the ‘Rocket’ app after downloading it from the Play store.
SureCash Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh
You can open your SureCash account by visiting the nearest SureCash center or authorized SureCash agent. To open a SureCash mobile banking account you need to bring your own mobile phone, one copy passport size photo, and a photocopy of your own NID or passport or driving license. First, an authorized SureCash agent will help you to carry out the registration process.
When the registration is done successfully, you will get an SMS on your mobile containing a 12 digits wallet number. The first 11 digits are your mobile number and the 12th digit is the check digit. Check digit will you security against any kind of incorrect transaction.
You can also do the registration process via ‘SureCash’ app after downloading it from the Google Play Store.
Nagad Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh
For opening Nagad account, first, download the ‘Nagad’ App from Google Play Store or App Store. All you need is your original National Identity card (NID). Navigate to the account opening tab and follow the system. Best MFS in Bangladesh
Money Transaction Service
Industry leader bKash MFS platform allows you to transact money in several ways, like recharging money to your own bKash account, releasing money from your bKash account, and sending money to another owner’s bKash account.
You can deposit money to your bKash Account via ‘Cash-in’ service. For this purpose, you need to visit any bKash agent. Then, inform that agent how much amount you wanna Cash In. Then the bKash agent would help you to complete the procedure. If the desired amount is BDT 5,000 or higher, you are required to mention your National ID Card number. Bkash Cash-in is a free service. So you don’t have to pay any extra charge besides the cashed-in money Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
If you have adequate balance in your bKash Account, you can use the ‘Cash Out’ service under bKash MFS to withdraw money from your bKash account whenever you want. You can avail of the ‘Cash Out’ service either from any bKash agent or ATM. Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh
Bkash ‘Cash-out From Agent’ service allows a minimum withdrawal limit of BDT 50 to BDT 25000 at maximum. For any amount of withdrawal, the charge is 1.85%. To Cash Out from your bKash Account, visit any bKash agent. If the amount is BDT 5,000 or higher, you would’ve to mention your National ID Card number Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
After completion of the procedure, both you and the agent will receive a confirmation message. Don’t forget to count the amount provided by the agent before signing the Register. Bkash’s‘ Cash-out From Agent (via app)’ limit is 50 BDT to 25000 BDT. The charge is 1.5% Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
Bkash ‘Cash-out From ATM’ service offered money withdrawal limit ranges from BDT 2000 BDT to 25000 BDT. The cash withdrawal charge is 1.5%, which accounts for BDT 30 for withdrawal of BDT 2000. When you are requesting ATM Cash Out, the process is a bit different. Get the required security code to withdraw cash from BRAC Bank and any Q-Cash ATM Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
To withdraw cash from BRAC Bank ATM, visit a booth where Cash Out from bKash Account is enabled. The ATM screen will guide you to carry out the process. Don’t forget to check the entered information on the ATM screen. After the cash withdrawal, collect your receipt. You will receive a confirmation SMS from bKash Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
Send Money is another great bKash MFS feature that allows you in transferring money from your bKash Account to another owner’s bKash Account. Limit ranges from minimum BDT 10 to BDT 25000. Bkash tariff is BDT 5 for sending any amount. To send money navigate your bKash Mobile Menu by dialing *247#. Pick the “Send Money” option and follow the system. When the process is done, both you and the receiver will receive a confirmation message from bKash. You can ‘Send Money’ free of cost via the bKash App!
Bank to Bkash money transaction is free. Now bKash clients can transfer money instantly from Bank account to bKash account number via Internet Banking. You will find the list of banks on the bKash website, to transfer money using the bank’s internet banking.
Money transfer from Card to Bkash is totally free. You can deposit money to bKash customer account from Mastercard. A bKash account owner (active account) can draw money from any Mastercard, Debit card, Credit card and Prepaid card issued by any Government approved Bank or Financial Institutions in Bangladesh Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
Rocket Money Transaction Service
Like bKash, the Rocket MFS allows cash deposits, cash withdrawals, and sending money services. You can get this service both from agents and the ‘Rocket’ app.
You can avail of the cash-in (deposit) service from any DBBL Branch and DBBL agent. This service is also available at UISC, Banglalink, Airtel, and Citycell retail points as well as Mobicash marked outlets of Grameen Phone.
When you hand over the cash to the DBBL Agent, s/he will initiate the transaction from his/her mobile account by dialing *322#. The Agent will issue you (customer) a receipt. The system will send an SMS to your (customer) mobile Rocket account number. For security, don’t forget to check the received amount Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
You can get cash-out (withdraw) service from any DBBL Branch and ATM, DBBL authorized or own agent, Citycell, UISC, Banglalink, Airtel retail points, and Grameenphone Mobicash outlets. First, you need to ask the DBBL Agent how much money you want to withdraw. Then,
the agent will initiate the transaction from his/her mobile account by dialing *322#. After completion of the procedure, the system sends an SMS to your (customer’s) mobile. The agent will hand over the money to you (customer) Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh
You can also get the cash-out (withdraw) service using any DBBL ATM Booth. In a normal situation, a screen will pop up on the ATM monitor indicating that the ATM is ready for designated financial transactions. For cash ‘Rocket’ withdrawal service, press the ‘Mobile Banking’ Button. Then type your 12-digit Rocket account number on the ATM screen. Press the ‘Correct’ button after checking and collect the money with the receipt.
DBBL Rocket offers the ‘Send money’ service, which allows you to transfer money from one Rocket account to another Rocket account. To enjoy this service from the DBBL Rocket account, all you need to do is just dial at *322# and follow the procedure mentioned on the DBBL website.
You can also transfer money from bank account to your DBBL Rocket account or vice versa. This MFS also allows you to transfer money from any DBBL Debit Card to DBBL Rocket account. Dial at *322# to avail this service and complete the procedure according to in DBBL website.
SureCash Money Transaction Service
You can send money from your SureCash mobile account to another SureCash account within a few seconds. The money transaction process is simple and fast. To get this service, just dial at *495# and navigate to SureCash USSD menu. Then press ‘REPLY’ and enter ‘1’ (Send Money). When the procedure is done, both you and the recipient will get a confirmation SMS from SureCash.
Table: SureCash Transaction Limit
Note. Reprinted from SureCash. (n.d) ‘Transaction Limit’. Retrieved January 21, 2020 from surecash.net/transaction-limit/.
Nagad Money Transaction Service
Like bKash, Rocket, and SureCash, the ‘Nagad’ MFS platform includes the ‘Send money’ service. It will allow you in sending or transferring money from your ‘Nagad’ mobile account to another owner’s ‘Nagad’ account.
The process is very easy. Go to your Nagad mobile menu to navigate the send money option. On completion of the procedure, both you and the recipient will get a confirmation SMS on your respective mobiles from the Nagad system Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
Ease of payments
The leading MFS providers in Bangladesh have made the purchasing procedure easier and faster than ever before. Now you can make the payment – for purchasing goods or utility bills or different types of fees and charges – within a few moments without going through the hassle of physical movements.
Payment via bKash
You can easily send payments from your own bKash mobile account to another “Merchant” who accepts “bKash Payment”. This MFS is available at more than 47,000 outlets countrywide. To bKash your Payment navigates to your bKash Mobile Menu by dialing *247#. Then, choose the “Payment” option and follow the method mentioned on bKash website.
Many people suffer electricity line cut for not paying the bill on time due to many reasons like sickness, lack of time, traffic jams on the road, etc. Thanks to bKash MFS for initiating the ‘Pay Bill’ service. Now you can pay your Electricity bill and other utility bills anytime and from anywhere using bKash ‘Pay Bill’ service. Just dial at *247# to recharge your DESCO Smart Pre-paid Meter Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
Payment via SureCash
SureCash MFS platform includes an exclusive service for sending fees to schools and colleges. Now you don’t need to visit the school or college physically for paying the education fees; rather you can pay while staying at home. It not only saves you time but also reduces hassle. To get this service, dial at *495# and navigate to SureCash USSD menu. Then, press the REPLY tab and enter 3 (for Payment). And follow the system mentioned on SureCash website.
Like bKash, SureCash MFS offers the utility bill payment service. You can pay municipality bills as well as utility bills via SureCash. It gets you rid from the stress of visiting any utility office or bank branch for paying bills. Just dial at *495# and open your SureCash USSD menu. Press REPLY tab and enter 3 (Payment). And follow the designated system.
Surecash E-commerce Payment
SureCash MFS allows you to purchase goods online, which is a boon for busy people. The process is quite simple. Just pick your desired product and go to cart (payment). Then, select SureCash as a payment option and enter your SureCash wallet number. When the payment is done, you will receive a confirmation SMS.
Another feature of SureCash MFS is the Credit Card Payment option. To enjoy this service, dial at *495# and navigate to your SureCash USSD menu. After Pressing on the REPLY tab, enter ‘3’ (Payment). Then, enter ‘credit card payment’ as KEYWORD. Choose credit card type and insert your credit card number. After completion of the payment process, you will receive a confirmation SMS.
Does it pay to save?
Many people, especially those living in remote places, don’t practice saving to avoid the annoyance of visiting banks physically. Thanks to the latest technology of Mobile Financial Services (MFS). This platform not only allows the user to transact money or purchase products; but also encourages users to build the habit of savings at nominal amounts any time they feel convenient Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
Bkash Savings Facility
Additionally bKash MFS promises to keep your money safe. In addition to this, bKash offers up to 4% Interest (annual rate) on the Savings of your bKash mobile account. However, this interest offer is applicable to the bKash Customer Accounts only. Dial at 16247 from your bKash mobile account to avail this service.
Table: bKash Slab wise Interest Rate Per Annum
Note. Reprinted from bKash. (n.d) ‘Interest on Savings’. Retrieved January 21, 2020 from bkash.com/products-services/interest-on-savings.
For example, if an individual (bKash account owner) keeps a minimum balance of BDT 1,000 in his/her bKash account throughout a month, does at least 2 transactions, and keeps an average day end balance between BDT 1,000 to BDT 5,000.99 in that month. Then, that individual (bKash account owner) will receive 1.5% rate of interest (at an annual rate) upon the average balance of that specific month. VAT & AIT charges will be deducted as per the rules of the Government of Bangladesh.
Nagad Sanchay Details
Bangladesh Post Office (BPO) has initiated a praiseworthy saving plan through their MFS platform ‘Nagad’. Nagad claims that their customers will get the highest profit for saving money in their Nagad accounts. All regular Nagad customers are eligible for availing the profit as per the table below.
Table: Nagad Profit Rates
Note. Reprinted from Nagad. (n.d) ‘Sanchay Details’. Retrieved January 21, 2020, from nagad.com.bd/service/sanchay/.
Other MFS Benefits
Both bKash and Rocket MFS provide international remittance transfer services. Remitter can transfer the remittance from an Exchange House (nominated by bKash or DBBL) through a partner Bangladeshi Bank (nominated by bKash or DBBL). The remitted money will be transferred to the beneficiary’s bKash/Rocket account within a few days and the beneficiary will instantly receive an SMS when the deposit takes place.
Bkash MFS allows ‘donation’ services for healthcare service, education, and zakat. You will find a list of donation-receiving organizations in the bKash website.
Mobile Recharge service is available for any bKash/ Rocket/ Nagad/ SureCash Account holder to recharge any Grameenphone, Banglalink, Robi, Teletalk, and Airtel number. You can recharge to your own mobile account or other owner’s mobile account number. Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh
According to Mustafa K Mujeri, executive director of the Institute for Inclusive Finance and Development, about 33% of the total population of Bangladesh has no access to formal banking service or any micro-financial institution. In this situation, MFS appeared as a boon for the rural unbanked people in Bangladesh.
MFS has successfully brought around five crores, unbanked Bangladeshi people, under formal financial services in the last few years. According to Bangladesh Bank data, the average daily transaction through MFS is about Tk 1263.96 crores in November 2019 Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
Recently, Mobile Financial Service (MFS) initiatives are flourishing in Bangladesh. With the aim to develop a highly competitive, economical, commercially-viable, and secure MFS market in the country, Bangladesh Bank issued MFS guidelines for Banks in 2011.
bKash (BRAC Bank) currently dominates the MFS space accounting for 80% of the market followed by Rocket (DBBL) claiming 17% of the total market share. The two leading MFS providers (bKash and Rocket) are dominating 97% of the country’s total MFS market share.
So far we have highlighted the major features offered by the top 4 (bKash, Rocket, SureCash, and Nagad) MFS platforms in Bangladesh. All of these MFS platforms are easy to use. The customers can avail of these MFS services through downing respective apps from the Google Playstore.
All of our discussed MFS platforms provide cash deposit and cash withdrawal services. But Bkash and Rocket MFS are leading ahead of the MFS platforms by virtue of their wide-ranging money transaction service that includes money transfer to the mobile account from bank and debit card.
MFS platforms in Bangladesh have created new opportunities for purchasing goods online from e-commerce websites. In this race, bKash and SureCash MFS left the others behind. You can send online payments and utility bills via bKash MFS. You can also send utility bills and e-commerce payments through SureCash MFS. Besides these, using SureCash platform, you can pay educational institute fees, which is certainly a huge plus Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
The banks provide interest on deposits, whereas the MFS platforms in Bangladesh offer interest on your mobile financial balance. bKash offers a good amount of interest per annum for keeping money in your bkash mobile account. Nagad provides a considerably higher rate of interest for saving in your Nagad account Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
Undoubtedly, the current MFS platforms have created new opportunities for people in doing business, education, saving, and other personal tasks in a faster and smarter way Mobile Financial Services in Bangladesh.
As part of the efforts, the Bangladesh Bank issued licences for mobile financial service (MFS). It aimed to bring the unbanked people into the formal financial sector and lead to greater financial intermediation and contribute to growth